5 different types of mental disorders!
Mental disorders are health conditions that affect how a person thinks, feels, and acts. Mental health statistics show that 43.8 million adults in the United States experience mental illness in a given year. Although mental health problems are very much common, there’s still social stigma and discrimination attached to them.
People with mental health disorders say that they are hesitant to reveal they are mentally ill because of the potent attitudinal barriers they encounter daily. It’s everyone’s responsibility to educate individuals about and raise their awareness of mental health problems.
This article covers different types of mental disorders, and it would help you learn about what your loved ones might experience.
Types Of Mental Disorders:
There are almost 300 different conditions listed in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) that are recognized as mental illnesses. The most common types of mental disorders are discussed below!
1) Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder, previously called manic depression, is a mental illness where people experience extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression) as two poles of mood or emotions, which is why it’s called bipolar disorder.
What are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?
Common Signs of Mania:
The word “mania” refers to the times when someone with bipolar disorder feels great excitement or euphoria, delusions, and overactivity.
Common signs of mania include:
- Sleep deprivation
- Racing/crowded thoughts
- Not able to focus and concentrate
- Easily irritated
- Pressured speech (talking faster than usual)
- Impulsive behavior
- High energy levels
- Hallucinations or delusions
Common Signs of Depression:
The depressive episode in bipolar refers to times when someone experiences a down change in mood.
Common signs of depression include:
- Feeling sad, empty, or worried
- Difficulty in speaking (brief and unelaborated responses)
- Lower energy levels
- Feelings of hopelessness and guilt
- Change in appetite (weight loss or gain)
- Losing interest in almost everything
- Suicidal thoughts
2. Borderline Personality Disorder (BDP)
What is BDP?
Borderline personality disorder, also known as ’emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD)’, is a mental health illness that’s marked by inflexible personality traits, identity disturbance, persistent feelings of emptiness, and instability in moods, goals, career plans, and emotions. People with BDP have difficulties with how they think and feel about themselves and others, which causes problems in work and social relationships.
What are the Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder?
Common signs of borderline personality disorder include:
- Fear of abandonment; You feel intense fear of abandonment and would anything not to let that happen.
- Emotional Instability; You experience quick mood shifts, which can include anxiety, happiness, irritability, shame, or anger.
- Unstable sense of identity; Your sense of self is vague, which means you don’t have a clear idea of who you are and what you feel about yourself. One moment, you may feel good about yourself, and the next moment you may see yourself as evil.
- Impulsive behavior; You are more prone to engage in activities that are unhealthy and dangerous for you. For example, reckless driving, binge eating and using drugs. You may also experience suicidal thoughts and engage in self-harming behaviors.
- Stress Periods; When under stress, you may experience paranoia (suspicious thoughts that others are going to harm you) or dissociation where you lose contact with reality (feeling numb or foggy, as if you are outside your own body).
What is schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that affects the way a person thinks, feels, expresses emotions, perceives reality, and behaves. Although this chronic illness is not as common as many other mental disorders, it affects 20 million people worldwide.
What are the Symptoms of Schizophrenia?
Common signs of schizophrenia include:
- Unusual way of thinking
- Hallucinations (hearing voices or seeing things that are not there)
- Delusions (beliefs that can’t possibly be true)
- Disorganized or incoherent speech
- Lacking motivation to do anything
- Losing interest in everyday activities
- Trouble concentrating or paying attention
- Not willing to interact with others
4. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
What is PTSD?
The term “post-traumatic stress disorder” refers to the mental health condition that’s triggered by either experiencing or witnessing a traumatic or terrifying event such as physical or sexual assault, natural disaster, abuse, accident, or exposure to other shocking, scary, or dangerous situations.
What Are The Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder?
Common signs of PTSD include:
- Flashbacks; You may feel as if you are re-experiencing the traumatic event.
- Bad dreams about the event.
- Intense physical reactions to the reminders of trauma such as pain, nausea, sweating, pounding heart, or shivering.
- Losing interest in activities you previously enjoyed.
- Extreme feelings of guilt, anger, and shame.
- Wrongly taking the blame for the traumatic event upon themselves.
- Difficulty in sleeping or concentrating.
- Feelings of hopelessness about the future.
- Aggressive behavior
- Not interested in being around people.
- Self-destructive behavior
5. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
What is OCD?
OCD is a mental disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, unwanted, and re-occurring thoughts (obsessions) or behaviors you feel the urge to perform over and over again (compulsions). Most people struggle with both obsessions and compulsions, but some people experience just one or the other.
What are the Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?
Common Signs of Obsessions:
Common signs of obsessions include:
- Fear of contracting an illness or spreading germs.
- Persistent doubting
- Needing things to be perfect, exact, or just right.
- Intrusive thoughts that you may lose control and harm yourself or others.
- Having spiritual or religious fears.
- Unwanted sexual thoughts that often involve children, family members, animals, or inappropriate persons.
Common Signs of Compulsions:
Common signs of compulsions include:
- Excessive handwashing/cleaning or avoiding crowded spaces.
- Repeatedly checking in on your family or loved ones to make sure they are safe.
- Excessive double-checking of things such as door locks, appliances, and switches.
- Repeating certain words.
- Engaging in excessive prayers or repeating religious phrases to reduce the anxiety created by their fears.
- Counting objects in their surroundings all the time. For example, you might count cars driving past or count tiles in the ceiling.
Each individual is different, and his/her experience with mental illness is slightly different.